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Embossing

Embossing is the process of creating a three-dimensional image or design in paper and other ductile materials. It is typically accomplished with a combination of heat and pressure on the paper. This is achieved by using a metal die, usually made of brass, and a counter die, that fit together and actually squeeze the fibers of the paper. This pressure and a combination of heat actually "irons" while raising the level of the image higher than the substrate to make it smooth.


In printing, embossing is used as an accent process and can be used in conjunction with ink, called color register embossing, or with no ink, called blind embossing. It also can be used with foil stamping, which when embossed with foil is known as combination stamping. All of these processes use a die and counter die. Most types of paper and boards can be embossed.